It’s easy to answer (a) – discuss how, for all states except Maine and Nebraska, the winner of the popular vote in a state gets all of its electoral votes. How the Electoral College works – and how it affected battleground states in 2020 Critics say the Electoral College process puts too much emphasis on swing states and negates the popular vote. The Founding Fathers believed citizens were uneducated and could not choose a quality president. The Electoral College The U.S. electoral. If there's a need to explain such basic concepts, it's unclear that the electorate is competent enough to choose representation. or anything. It creates presidential majorities, engenders national presidential campaigns, and maintains a robust federalism, which operates most effectively within a strong two-party system. Now let’s take a look at a free-response question about the Electoral College. (AP Photo/John Locher, File) For a compromise that has lasted more than 200 years, the Electoral College doesn’t get a lot of love. Origins of electoral colleges. 270. Some electors in the past have challenged those laws and voted against the popular vote. “If we didn’t have the Electoral College, smaller states would receive very little campaigning or any attention at all from candidates, which might make voters less likely to vote,” Meehan said. Section 15 of 3 U.S.C. What is the Electoral College, again? We are gradually updating these posts and will remove this disclaimer when this post is updated. The Electoral College vote takes place mid-December when the electors meet in their state, meaning the popular vote is announced to voters on the night of the general election but the official presidential winner is not announced until after the Electoral College votes. The founders’ Electoral College is a unique republican mechanism. The winner must get 26 or more state votes, with the House re-voting until this happens. This dynamic has the additional effect of leading candidates to only spend money and campaign in swing states—states where either party’s candidate has a chance of winning the state’s popular vote. Explain two reasons the Electoral College has not been abolished. Level. Don't knowingly lie about anyone Keep it Clean. Click on the number of electoral votes for each state to see its Certificate of Vote. The Electoral College system also distinguishes the United States from other systems where the highest vote-getter automatically wins. The media is allowed to ask electors how they voted in December, and they typically answer. (Source: NARA) Regarding this process, Founding Father James Wilson said, “This subject has greatly divided the House, and will also divide people out of doors. No—it’s not somewhere you get accepted to if you get a lot of 5’s on your AP® exams. It is also said that minority party voters in these states (e.g., Democrats in Texas or Republicans in California) have little incentive to vote, since their votes won’t affect the outcome of the election at all. The other criticism is that by focusing the presidential contest on the swing states, the Electoral College deprives voters in solidly partisan states (like Republican Texas or Democratic California) from being heard. Electing a president: lesson overview. The most common complaint is that whoever represents the popular will—the winner of the popular vote—should be president. If you are a student looking for AP® review guides, check out: The Best 2021 AP® Review Guides. For all House sizes greater than 654, Gore would have been elected President. The voters’ choices would be filtered through state legislatures. In 2000, for example, since New Hampshire doesn’t require electors to vote for the candidate the voters chose, some pundits thought the state’s electors, pledged to Bush, might defect and vote for Gore. Write. Under the electoral college, an elected politician's vote was worth more than 400 times that of an ordinary member, while extremely low turnouts in the affiliates' section of the electoral college - just 4.7% in this year's deputy leadership election - gave disproportionate … Remember, you are likely to encounter questions about the Electoral College on the AP® US Government exam. 3. The Electoral College is a widely known and heavily debated topic, as it essentially decides the outcomes of presidential elections. According to the National Archives, more Constitutional amendments have been proposed to alter or abolish the Electoral College than on any other subject — more than 700 proposals in the nation’s history. ‘The Government's approach recognises that some communities may want to retain their existing licensing trust arrangements until a majority of the trust's electors vote in favour of competition.’ ‘Altogether, 61 electoral pilot schemes including all postal ballots, will proceed, offering 6.5 million electors new voting opportunities.’ The term “Electoral College” refers to the process by which the United States elects its Presidents. I'm sorry, but no student should have been accepted at ISU without understanding the Electoral College. 1787. Then, the candidate who received the majority of the electoral vote became president. Not all elections are decided by popular vote. Nominated persons, known as electors, from the states and the District of Columbia, who meet every four years in their home state or district and cast ballots to choose the president and vice president of the United States. Each state elects the number of representatives to the Electoral College that is equal to its number of Senators—two from each state—plus its number of delegates in the House of Representatives. Learn. By: Mallory Tope, mallory.tope@iowastatedaily.com. It's still used in that way today, along with the popular vote, to decide who the next president will be. STUDY. There are lots of criticisms of the Electoral College. In modern elections, the first candidate to get to 270 of the 538 total electoral votes wins the election. of or relating to elections. Thank you for your patience! The Electoral College encourages candidates to campaign in ‘swing’ states where the parties are closely matched. means a member of the Electoral College for Persons with a Disability; Twelfth amendment definition, an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1804, providing for election of the president and vice president by the electoral college: should there be no majority vote for one person, the House of Representatives (one vote per state) chooses the president and the Senate the vice president. n. A body of electors chosen to elect the president and vice president of the United States. The ballots are then sealed and sent to Congress, where the president of the Senate—the vice president—opens and counts the ballots in January. We'd love to hear eyewitness The number of each of the representatives is equal to each state’s number of representatives in the House of Representatives plus an additional two to account for the senator representation. Test. 59. Created. The Electoral College is a necessary system for Federalism to continue to be a staple of American Government—to ensure that the Federal Government is one of limited powers and does not overshadow each State’s sovereignty, and to ensure that political power and influence does not fall into the controlling hands of a few states. The Electoral College was also the result of a couple of compromises. Hey! Remember, the Electoral College is not as complex as it might seem at first blush. The Electoral College uses a winner-take all system, 3. Total Cards. Educators looking for AP® exam prep: Try Albert free for 30 days! Paul LePage said that without the Electoral College, white people will have less say, which is … Kara_Alam. For example, in 2004, John Kerry lost to George W. Bush by over three million popular votes, but the flip of one state—Ohio—would have made Kerry president. Part (d) will require you to discuss the amendment process—the only way the Electoral College can be abolished—and how the swing states are unlikely to support decreasing their voice in presidential elections. Americans technically vote for electors who support their favored candidate. Thank you for your patience. Start your AP® exam prep today. Often these represent different organizations, political parties or entities, with each organization, political party or entity represented by a particular number of electors or with votes weighted in a particular way. The Electoral College encourages candidates to campaign in ‘swing’ states where the parties … That's partially correct. The Electoral College is a process, not a place. Kickstart your AP® US Government prep with Albert. The electoral college was also favoured by southern states, where slaves made up a large portion of the population. The leaders who built the framework of the US government also wanted to ensure that states with smaller populations were fairly represented in the election and expressed concerns that the common man was not well informed enough to choose an effective President. ... the legislature of the United States government. Editor’s Note: The Iowa State Daily introduces the political series AP Gov. Join our newsletter to get updated when we release new learning content! As part of the U.S. Constitution — Article … See more. In the case of the 2000 election, for all House sizes less than 492, the Electoral College goes to Bush. The … Be Truthful. In July 2020, the Supreme Court ruled that if the state requires its electors to vote with the popular vote of their state, it is constitutional. Swing states such as Iowa that can reasonably be won by either the Democratic or Republican candidate are campaigned in more than states like California that typically vote Democrat. The most important points to remember about it are: 1. electoral college synonyms, electoral college pronunciation, electoral college translation, English dictionary definition of electoral college. Terms in this set (22) Number of Electoral College Votes. Also, the electoral college system does not take the margin of victory into account; whether the candidate wins a state by a large margin or a small margin, the candidate still gets the same number of electoral votes) 1. A candidate needs 270 electoral votes to become president. Definition of Electoral College. The Electoral College is a system put into place by our founding fathers following the American Revolution. Don't Threaten. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In the 2016 election, Clinton won Maine, but Trump did earn one electoral vote by winning the popular vote in the 2nd Congressional District. Electoral college definition, a body of electors chosen by the voters in each state to elect the president and vice president of the U.S. See more. 1 requires the Senate and House of Representatives to meet on the sixth day of January following every meeting of the electors to … Maine and Nebras… (Surely, the irony would not have been lost on Bush.). Swing States. Practice: Electing a president. Get access to thousands of standards-aligned practice questions. You will also want to discuss fears that a popular vote-based election would favor big cities and major population centers at the expense of rural and sparsely populated areas. The Electoral College was created by the Founding Fathers because they believed voters weren’t well-informed enough to choose the president on their own 2. Electoral College AP Gov. (The argument here is that candidates would only spend time in money in places with lots of votes to be had.). Still—the electoral vote gives these states more influence than a popular vote-based system would. Sorry, there are no recent results for popular images. Why Was the Electoral College Created? The Founding Fathers didn’t have much faith in the voters to pick the president without some help from their leaders. Origin. Electoral college definition, a body of electors chosen by the voters in each state to elect the president and vice president of the U.S. See more. 4. Be Proactive. Some defenses of the Electoral College have a racial tinge. Usually—but not always—this candidate also happened to have won the popular vote. How does the Electoral College work? Occasionally, the winner of the Electoral College (and thus, the presidency) actually loses the popular vote. Three electoral votes can change the result in a close electoral vote. An electoral college is a set of electors who are selected to elect a candidate to particular offices. The presidential electors who meet after the citizens vote for president and cast ballots for the president and vice president. Get an email notification whenever someone contributes to the discussion. The most populous states have the most electoral votes. The Electoral College is unique to our democracy. Electoral college The FEC has no jurisdiction over the Electoral College. "Insurrection is the violent uprising against the government," Jeffrey Jacobovitz says. What is the Electoral College? WASHINGTON (AP) — The Electoral College decisively confirmed Joe Biden as the nation’s next president, ratifying his November victory in an authoritative state-by-state repudiation of President Donald Trump’s refusal to concede he had lost. These 538 electors then convene the month after the election to vote for the president. When citizens cast their ballots for president in the popular vote, they elect a slate of electors. The Electoral College makes it harder for a candidate to steal an election. Define Electoral College delegate. Safe seat – Elected office that is predictably won by one party or the other, so the success of … In the U.S there are many different cultures and backgrounds, which contributes to a high variety of perspectives. The term "college" signifies the original intent that it was to be made up of "political wise men." Candidates spend time and money here at the expense of solidly partisan states. They felt that the public had a limited grasp of the issues. In 2016, for example, California will have 55 electoral votes, Texas will have 38, Florida and New York will have 29, and Illinois and Pennsylvania will have 20. The presidential incumbency advantage. For the results Michigan Lt. Gov. For (b), you want to discuss the concept of ‘swing states’ – parties closely divided between the states whose electoral votes are up for grabs. It is possible for a candidate to win the presidency with the electoral votes of only the ten most populous states. Five times in history, presidential candidates have won the popular vote but lost the Electoral College. The votes are apportioned the same way congressional districts are—every ten years by the Census. Please avoid obscene, vulgar, lewd, One effect is that which is mentioned above—sometimes the Electoral College flouts the will of the public. Electoral College In other U.S. elections, candidates are elected directly by popular vote. number of senators: Term. The Constitution does not require the electors to follow their state's popular vote, but many state laws do. 4. When voters go to the polls on Tuesday, they will be choosing which candidate receives their state’s electors. The Electoral College was created in 1787 during the Constitutional Convention. The Electoral College was created by the framers of the U.S. Constitution as an alternative to electing the president by popular vote or by Congress. Start studying AP Gov Unit 4. With so many swing states, this is hard to predict and hard to do. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The United States Electoral College is the group of presidential electors required by the Constitution to form every four years for the sole purpose of electing the president and vice president. Explain one way in which the winner-take-all feature of the Electoral College affects how presidential candidates from the two major political parties run their campaigns. Email notifications are only sent once a day, and only if there are new matching items. Former Maine Gov. Garlin Gilchrist opens the state's Electoral College session at the state Capitol, Monday, Dec. 14, 2020 in Lansing, Mich. (AP Photo/Carlos Osorio, Pool) Carlos Osorio 1 comment the process by which the United States elects its Presidents There have been three presidential candidates who won the popular vote but lost the Electoral College vote: 1. The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is the federal agency responsible for coordinating activities of States and Congress regarding the Electoral College vote for President. PLAY. There was a problem saving your notification. Match. Elector: A voter who has fulfilled the qualifications imposed by law; a constituent; a selector of a public officer; a person who has the right to cast a ballot for the approval or rejection of a political proposal or question, such as the issuance of bonds by a state or municipality to finance public works projects. The Electoral College is an indirect system for electing the United States president using Electoral College votes. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Al Gore losing to George W. Bush in 2000, There have been a number of elections that came close to having the same mixed result. Number of people house of representatives: Term. The Electoral College is unique to our democracy. The Electoral College The president and vice president are formally elected at the Electoral College in December following the general election. Electors from each state plus the District of Columbia cast votes; most states require all their electors to vote for the statewide popular vote winner. See more. Open primaries, closed primaries, and blanket primaries. The Electoral College satisfied both requirements. 1. This is why states like Ohio, Virginia and Florida, which are fairly evenly split between Democrats and Republicans, get so much attention from candidates. If you're a United States citizen, 18 years of age or older, you probably think you have the right to vote for presidential candidates in the national election. Much like the rest of the Constitution, the Electoral College was a compromise. They didn’t. For instance, California has a total of 55 electoral votes while Iowa has six. An electorate is a body of people allowed to vote in an election. *** More results will be added as OFR continues to update this website. What is the process? “Each state gets a certain amount of votes based on its geographical location and population,” Shelley said. 538 votes - house of representatives plus 2 senators. Safe seat – Elected office that is predictably won by one party or the other, so the success of the party’s candidate is almost taken for granted. The AP® US Government & Politics exam will want you to know what the effects of the Electoral College are. Electoral college, the system by which the president and vice president of the United States are chosen. You’re probably too young to remember the 2000 presidential election, but you’ve certainly heard about it, and probably talked about it in class. AP GOV. View source This means that, even if a Republican candidate get millions of votes in California, or a Democrat gets millions in Texas, they still lose all of that state’s electoral votes. 8 Study Guide: The Presidency MacKenzie Hudgins Period 3 Electoral College: Definition: representatives of each state who cast the final ballots that actually elect the president. Definition Political Socialization is the process in which people develop their political values, beliefs, attitudes and ideology.It is a process that is continuous, which means it happens throughout one’s life. to. This is the currently selected item. For example, in the United States, presidential elections are decided through the Electoral College. An insight into the Electoral College by abraham Moshekh Each state appoints electors according to its legislature, equal in number to its congressional delegation. Most states require that all electoral votes go to the candidate who receives the plurality in that state. But the president and vice president are not elected directly by citizens. The process through which the United States elects its President. There have been many efforts to amend the Constitution and do away with the Electoral College over the years, but none of them have picked up much steam. You have permission to edit this article. Each state has two votes for its two U.S. senators and one additional vote for each member the state has in the House of Representatives. The Electoral College uses a winner-take all system 3. Counting electorial vote 1921, 2/9/21. This is partly because the smaller, less populous states have a disproportionately large "vote" in the electoral college. In a presidential election, each state legislature sends a slate of electors—the number of electors based on a state’s number of congressional districts plus two (for its senators) to go to Washington and elect a president. The Constitution created this body, which consists of gatherings of state electors in each state to formally cast their ballots for a candidate for whom they have pledged to vote. If you're an educator interested in trying Albert, click the button below to learn about our pilot program. Electoral College Fast Facts. Remember, you are likely to encounter questions about the Electoral College on the AP® US Government exam. Samuel Tilden losing to Rutherford B. Hayes in 1876, 2. Gravity. each comment to let us know of abusive posts. This so-called "indirect election" process has been the subject of criticism and attempted reform, though proponents of it maintain that it ensures the rights of smaller states and stands as an important piece of American federalist democracy. number of years until house of reps re elected split into two political parties. So the Electoral College was designed to balance the popular will with political leaders’ wisdom. Primaries and caucuses. After state election officials certify the popular vote of each state, the winning slate of electors meet in the state capital and cast two ballots—one for Vice President and one for President. Electoral college – Electoral system used in electing the president and vice president, in which voters vote for electors pledged to cast their ballots for particular party’s candidates. Subject. If Iowa were to become more predictable in how they vote and identify with a particular party, such as how Kansas is a red state, Iowa would lose its “swing state” status, and candidates would be less likely to campaign in Iowa for the general election, said Dirk Deam, teaching professor in political science. Remembering the legacy Martin Luther King Jr. Story County reports an additional 19 positive cases of COVID-19, The U.S. House votes to impeach President Donald Trump for the second time, Reynolds promotes fulltime in-person learning options in Tuesday’s address, Iowa reports 83 new deaths even as hospitalizations decrease, Iowa State sets guidelines for health and safety in spring semester, Pelosi pressures impeachment while GOP condemns pro-Trump insurrection, Men's basketball goes on pause due to COVID-19 protocols, Biden outlines $1.9 billion stimulus package, Iowa State looks to snap Cowgirls' undefeated conference record, Purdy, Rose, Allen and Foster announce they will be returning for 2021 season, No.10 Iowa State set for biggest tests of non-conference schedule, Iowa State men's basketball vs Kansas State postponed, Cyclones knock off No.6 Baylor for third straight win, Trump supports attempted coup on the U.S. Capitol, Iowa State falls short of Big 12 Championship, losing 27-21 to Oklahoma. For a more in-depth look into the Electoral College and how it works, visit the National Archives. Grover Cleveland losing to Benjamin Harrison in 1888, 3. In January 1877, Congress established the Federal Electoral Commission to investigate the disputed Electoral College ballots. Many remember the 2016 election during which Hillary Clinton won the popular vote by over 2 million votes but Donald Trump won the Electoral College vote by 77 votes, making him the 45th president. Share with Us. Arts and humanities US government and civics Political participation Electing a president. The Senate selects from the top two vice presidential candidates, and each senator gets one vote. Some states, such as Maine and Nebraska, can split votes, Shelley said. Learn about the financing of presidential elections, the rules for convention delegates and the electoral college system used to elect the President of the United States. It was devised by the framers of the United States Constitution to provide a method of election that was feasible, desirable, and consistent with a republican form of government. Stated simply, each state has a certain number of electors. Term. Removing one gear from a watch affects the e… *** Select a date to see The Electoral College outcome Electoral College votes by State The candidates Election notes* * Election notes include specific election information, such as third party candidates, faithless electors, challenges during the counting of the electoral votes in Congress, and other interesting facts. Definition: A body of electors chosen by the voters in each state to elect the President and Vice President of the U.S. Noun. Flashcards. When someone says, “Let’s abolish the Electoral College,” it is fair to ask, “With what would you replace it, and how would the new system affect American federalism, our two-party system, and the unity of the United States? racist or sexually-oriented language. As mentioned, each state receives a number of electoral votes equivalent to its number of senators and representatives, for a total of 538 electoral votes. Threats of harming another Visit the Electoral College home page accounts, the history behind an article. What is the Electoral College? AP Government Ch. person will not be tolerated. Sorry, there are no recent results for popular videos. Today, all of the state legislatures (with the exceptions of Maine and Nebraska, which award by congressional district) award all of their state’s electoral votes to the popular vote winner in that state.This is referred to as the “winner-take-all” system. Most states require electors to cast their ballot for the candidate they were chosen to represent—but some don’t. 12th Grade. “The Electoral College plays a big part in the strategy behind campaigning for candidates, which states they prioritize in visiting,” said Abigail Meehan, communications director for the Iowa State College Democrats and junior in political science. The Electoral College is composed of elected officials from each state. For over five years, hundreds of thousands of students have used Albert to build confidence and score better on their SAT®, ACT®, AP, and Common Core tests. The candidate who receives a majority of electoral votes (270) wins the Presidency. Instead, they’re chosen by “electors” through a process called the Electoral College. Click on the name of a State to see its Certificate of Ascertainment. Electors cannot vote for a Presidential and Vice Presidential candidate who both hail from an elector’s home state. Spell. The word electorate is especially important for those people who are not a part of it. In the United States, when you turn eighteen, you may join the electorate and help choose a president. Established in Article II, Section 1 of the U.S. Constitution, the Electoral College is the formal body which elects the President and Vice President of the United States. The most important points to remember about it are: 1. Description. We are gradually updating these posts and will remove this disclaimer when this post is updated.

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