Altruism, the morality of sacrifice, is accepted by almost everyone. According to a doctrine called “psychological egoism”, allhuman action is ultimately motivated by self-interest. By continuing to browse this site, you accept the use of cookies, which allow our services to work properly. Here you use the antonyms for altruism. Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research. Logically, the opposite of this would be improving your own survival at the expense of others'. The word generally used for this is parasitism... you know, being a parasite (even Ayn Rand was fond of calling it that). Find more ways to say altruism, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Despite its self-destructive nature, altruism is accepted to some extent by almost everyone today. Altruism and egoism are the opposite of each other, in the sense that altruism argues for acting on behalf of others, while egoism argues for acting in one's own interests. Or are they? The descriptive egoist’s theory is called “psychological egoism.” Psychological egoism describes human nature as being wholly self-centered and self-motivated. It is a traditional virtue in many cultures and a core aspect of various religious traditions and secular worldviews, though the concept of "others" toward whom concern should be directed can vary among cultures and religions. The reward of making and shaping better self. Altruism can simply be defined as unselfishness. They are seen as good. So what, though? Please read our rules before commenting and understand that your comments will be removed if they are not up to standard or otherwise break the rules. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! However, it has been pointed out that altruism is often undertaken with a desire for various kinds of self-reward: some “moral reward” for being good. Of course, no one upholds it consistently–at least not for long. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. His views represent a secular substitute for pagan virtue and Christian love. All of this is our own good, because to be the best being we can be is our own good. What are the good things that you have considered in dealing with the accepted ethical behavior and the danger that we may encounter? For instance, the philosopher Peter Singer, professor of bioethics at Princeton University, is a prominent effective altruism champion who gives a significant part of his income to charity. It originates from the French word “autrui,” meaning “other people”, Merriam Webster Dictionary submits that altruism is “a feeling and behavior that show a desire to help other people and a lack of selfishness.” In the sense that altruism is defined as unselfish giving, as giving without self-benefit or reward, you could say that selfishness excludes altruism. How can we ever work together or agree on things in this environment? In the sense that altruism is defined as unselfish giving, as giving without self-benefit or reward, you could say that selfishness excludes altruism. Post, Stephen Garrard et al. Do you know there’s a saying that the smallest deed is better than the greatest intentions? Just opposed. However, egoism by itself is not synonymous with narcissism. Another word for altruism. Definition of altruism Origin : 1853, "unselfishness, opposite of egoism," from French altruisme, coined or popularized 1830 by French philosopher Auguste Comte (1798-1857), from autrui, from Old French altrui, "of or to others," from Latin alteri, dative of alter "other" (see alter). ( Log Out /  As much as we can give. The clincher, though, is this: it feels good to be good, to do well. Social Brain Matters: Stances on the Neurobiology of Social Cognition. These could be described as antithetical to altruism. Altruism holds that being moral consists in self-sacrificially serving others. However, because altruism ultimately benefits the self in many cases, the selflessness of altruistic acts is brought to question. ( Log Out /  Learn more about itCLOSE. Such an individual is so concerned about others that he completely ignores himself. This is selfish reward – how not? Yes. It is the reward of good being, good doing. In the ethical doctrine that claims individuals are morally obliged to benefit others, altruism can mean the opposite of egoism. ‘Altruism’ Is a concept in philosophy developed by a French philosopher, Auguste Comte. ... it is the opposite of a reason. Change ). Altruism (or Ethical Altruism) is an ethical doctrine that holds that individuals have a moral obligation to help, serve or benefit others, if necessary at the sacrifice of self interest.More precisely, an action is morally right if the consequences of that action are more favorable than unfavorable to everyone except the agent.. Research on Altruism and Love. Surely only the most secretive and clandestine of givers can avoid this. altruism ăl´tro͞oĭz´əm , concept in philosophy and psychology that holds that the interests of others, rather than of the self, can motivate an individual. Synonyms for altruism in Free Thesaurus. But in fact most of us have at least a touch of altruism in us. What are opposite words of Altruism? These two world views are opposite to each other. Examples of this explanation of human nature predate the formation of the theory, and, are found in writings such as that of British Victorian historian, Macaulay, and, in that of British Reformation political philosopher, Thomas Hobbes. Much debate exists as to whether "true" altruism is possible in human psychology. Most, if not all, of the world's religions promote altruism as a very important moral value. Antonyms for altruism. Some essential good nature, or personal good inclination. In your daily life, for writing an email, a text, an essay, if you want to avoid repetitions or find the opposite meaning of a word. Selfishness is good when we seek our own good harming no one. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. ... ladies and gentlemen, in the whole history of philosophy no earthly reason has ever been given. It feels rewarding. Comte’s utopian, Positivist philosophy subordinated inherent human rationality to the “charm” of altruism, which Comte characterized as being the antithesis of egoism. Even though it is selfish. ["George Eliot," "Theophrastus Such," 1879]. If a choice makes a man successful, still many people are unable to make choices on their own. Or we B) actively enjoy being the cause of others’ harm or loss. This is callousness. Synonyms are other words that mean the same thing. Who else’s? Altruistic acts are considered acts of self-sacrifice, and therefore, they are generally regarded as the opposite of self-interested acts. Objectivism is obviously the opposite of altruism in many ways. Altruism is doing acts that help others' survival at the expense of your own. The real essential core of what selfishness is: a seeking of own well, is no opposite of altruism. Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Judaism, and Sikhism, etc., place particular emphasis on altruistic morality. Seeking own good is good, because seeking well is good. Callousness and cruelty, though: the abuse and misuse of selfishness. Since we’re all entitled to our own truth and we each have different perceptions of reality and everyone’s truth is valid does that basically mean we’re all in our own worlds? Extreme altruism may be characterized as acting in accordance with your other-regarding desires, with total disregard for yourself (i.e. ( Log Out /  The bear, it is said, was surprised at the badger's want of altruism. Find more opposite words at wordhippo.com! Self-interest is the very opposite of altruism. In one sense, the opposite of altruism is spite; a spiteful action harms another with no self-benefit. Welcome to r/askphilosophy. This site allows you to find in one place, all the synonyms and antonyms of the English language. Altruism & Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy, & Religion in Dialogue. Altruism or selflessness is the opposite of selfishness. Altruism or selflessness is the principle or practice of concern for the welfare of others. It appears that an enlightened defintion of self interest will help reconcile these two seemingly opposite views. It is in fact its driving engine. These antonyms of the word altruism are provided for information only. A synonym is a word, adjective, verb or expression that has the same meaning as another, or almost the same meaning. All it really proves is that the person who feels good by doing or being good has something in them that wants and rewards goodness. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. 1853, "unselfishness, opposite of egoism," from French, There is a fable that when the badger had been stung all over by bees, a bear consoled him by a rhapsodic account of how he himself had just breakfasted on their honey. The words blockage, encumbrance, handicap are antonyms for "help". The badger replied peevishly, "The stings are in my flesh, and the sweetness is on your muzzle." 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